Tanushree Rawat is pursuing a PhD in Education Leadership and Policy Analysis at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where her research focuses on the role of technology in education. As a graduate teaching assistant, she has led Wikipedia projects in multiple classes. In this post, she reflects on her pedagogical motivations for teaching with Wikipedia and highlights some outcomes.
The purpose of this blog post is to share my reflection after using Wikipedia as an assessment tool with graduate students, in classes on Technology and Leadership, School Level Leadership, and an Introduction to Doctoral Inquiry in the Education Leadership and Policy Analysis Department at UW-Madison.
As an assessment strategy, the Wikipedia project invites students to be editors through a design experience. They form their ideas on topics that are of most interest to them, create research-based descriptive papers, and finally publish their work. Graduate students oftentimes do in-depth research assignments for their class papers, but the reach of these papers might be limited to their classroom audience. To increase the impact of their work, and to provide a real world platform, I incorporated creating/editing Wikipedia pages for the topics that students work on, in all of the classes that I taught. This results in curating and enhancing the Wikipedia database.
The Wikipedia course pages were designed following the Wiki Education Foundation’s suggested template in the Wiki Ed Dashboard. Wiki Ed staff were always ready to help out with setting up the structure to get courses rolling, including setting up office hours to answer student questions, and sending printed guides for each student. In the past three semesters, students have created or modified more than 26 Wikipedia articles. New pages for topics like distributed leadership, ConnectEd Initiative, framework for authentic intellectual work, and Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports were created as part of the past classes.
While creating these pages, students were pushed to think about their work in terms of preparing it for an audience that may not know anything about it. To elaborate on the above point, let us consider the Wikipedia article on distributed leadership. The lead section of this article begins with “Distributed leadership is a conceptual and analytical approach to understanding how the work of leadership takes place among the people and in context of a complex organization.” It seems like a clear and coherent sentence to read, but writing this was a hard process, as the content had to be accessible and jargon-free. Wikipedia emphasizes the clarity of the lead section, because it summarizes the most important content of that article. It should be written in an accessible format from a neutral point of view. Wikipedia write-ups served well for the students to change their writing style from persuasive to explanatory. As one student emphasizes, “Now I find myself writing introductions in the same format. It has really taught me to write things clearly.”
Their writing assignments contributed to existing Wikipedia articles, and also created new ones on topics of focus for other educators like them. Another takeaway from this assessment has been the profound increase in respect for the folks who create Wikipedia articles, and the independent contributors who keep modifying them to make them better. Thirdly, students appreciated the open nature of Wikipedia, where anyone could modify their pages to improve them. This was liberating for some students, as it made them realize that their work “does not have to be perfect” and that there is help available to make the content better. This assessment has enabled us to present our students’ work to the global audience that uses Wikipedia.
Image: University of Wisconsin–Madison Education Building.jpg, by Czar, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons.