The Wikipedia Year of Science 2016 is an unprecedented initiative to improve Wikipedia’s science coverage. By connecting higher education classrooms to the publishing power of Wikipedia, the Wiki Education Foundation (Wiki Ed) is helping future scientists learn about science communication, while improving Wikipedia’s science coverage for millions of readers worldwide.
Thanks to major support from Google and the Simons Foundation, we’ve worked with 6,200 students in more than 285 higher ed classrooms across the USA and Canada. Those students have contributed nearly 5 million words to science articles seen more than 262 million times.
According to the Pew Research Center,1 among web-connected American adults:
- 70% turn to the web to learn more about scientific topics.
- 52% use the web to fact-check scientific information.
- 90% use a search engine first.
Wikipedia has more links from search engines than any other website, and is often the first search result listed when searching for scientific information. Wikipedia’s content reaches more than 450 million readers around the world, on topics ranging from greenhouse gas to the solar system. That makes Wikipedia one of the most powerful platforms for the dissemination of science information on the planet. Mobile users visit Wikipedia more often than CNN, Fox News, and USA Today combined.
Wikipedia is read by millions, and its content is written by volunteers. These volunteers make bold contributions in areas they’re interested in, but those topics don’t always match the topics people want to understand. While Wikipedia offers high-quality content about certain topics, a large proportion of pageviews goes to articles that are insufficiently developed.
“I saw an opportunity … to both improve Wikipedia content, and to teach my students a new set of skills.”
– Dr. Kate Grillo, University of Wisconsin, La Crosse
Our flagship Classroom Program is simple. Instead of writing a paper that gets thrown away, university students research and write Wikipedia articles on course topics.
When it comes to scientific literacy, undergraduates are in a unique position. They’re studying advanced science and understand the jargon of their field, but they’re still connected to those who don’t, and remember what it’s like. The challenge of explaining what they’ve come to learn (not just for an exam, but to really be understood) makes them ideal candidates for bridging the gap between dense academic scholarship and a curious public.
The Year of Science has helped students deliver thousands of well-sourced articles on important science topics to Wikipedia. They’re written by students studying the topic, and overseen by faculty members who are experts in their field. Students gain crucial science communication skills. They critically assess existing content, identify what’s missing, and fill gaps with clear language cited to reliable sources.
Along the way, millions of readers get access to clear, reliable science information. It’s a win-win.
“I tell them on the first day: to write a good article it needs to be one that a high school student can understand, but also one
that I can gain something from.”
Women and science
The Year of Science is also an opportunity to build the skills of the next generation of women scientists. While nearly 90% of Wikipedia’s content is written by men, more than 65% of Wiki Ed’s student editors are women. We’re focused on developing biographies of women scientists to help balance the gender content gap. We believe that expanding Wikipedia’s coverage of important women will bring greater awareness of women’s role in the sciences and inspire the next generation of pioneers.
What we’re doing
Wiki Ed is a nonprofit organization. We’re not connected to Wikipedia, but we value Wikipedia as the world’s most-viewed source for information. We want that information to be safe, reliable, and trustworthy. That’s why we help fill content gaps — like those in the sciences — on Wikipedia. Here’s how.
For Higher Education Instructors (United States and Canada)
Wiki Ed provides support for the Wikipedia portion of Year of Science classes, including:
- Assignment design guidelines based on our expertise
- An online training to introduce students to Wikipedia policies and procedures
- Printed handbooks offering advice and guidelines for students and professors
- Phone, email, and video support during the term for professors and students
- Metrics about student edits, including amount of content added and page views of articles
- Partnerships with academic associations in the sciences
For Wikipedia editors
The Year of Science is a community-wide event. We’ve developed an on-wiki portal to support open involvement from Wikipedians, new and old, and interested WikiProjects. See the portal at Wikipedia:Year of Science, where you can also find news, highlights, projects, and events.
We’re looking to hear from instructors, academic associations, Wikipedians, journalists, and universities who are interested in the Wikipedia Year of Science. Send us a message below, and we’ll contact you with ways to get involved.
Wiki Ed is unable to support high school courses, or courses outside of the United States and Canada.